When You Should Remove Your Wisdom Tooth?
Till the age 18, an average adult gets 32 teeth, 16 on the top and 16 on the bottom. Every single tooth in our mouth has its own name and purpose. The incisors, canines, and bicuspid teeth in the front of the mouth are good for grabbing and chewing food into smaller pieces. Food is ground up into a consistency that can be swallowed using the rear teeth (molar teeth). The wisdom teeth are the last teeth to emerge from the gums. Wisdom teeth do not need to be removed if they are perfectly aligned and the gum tissue is healthy. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. The normal mouth is designed to house 28 teeth, so when the final four “Wisdom Teeth” appear, things can get a little cramped.
When wisdom teeth are unable to erupt properly within the mouth, they must be extracted and it is a part of oral surgery. They can grow sideways, only partially emerge from the gum, or become caught beneath the gum and bone. As they search for a path that would allow them to erupt properly, impacted teeth can occupy a variety of positions in the bone.
Impacted teeth that aren’t properly aligned might create a slew of issues. The opening around the teeth when they have partially erupted allows bacteria to proliferate and eventually cause an infection. Swelling, stiffness, pain, and disease are the end results. The pressure from erupting wisdom teeth might cause other teeth to shift and impair orthodontic or natural tooth alignment. The most serious condition arises when tumors or cysts form around impacted wisdom teeth, causing the jawbone and good teeth to be destroyed. These issues are usually resolved by removing the troublesome impacted teeth. Early removal is indicated to minimize similar difficulties in the future and to reduce the surgical risk associated with the treatment.
Wisdom teeth, on the other hand, don’t always have enough room to grow properly and can cause issues. Wisdom teeth can erupt at a variety of angles in the jaw, including horizontally.
Conditions to cause problems
- Remain fully covered within the gums can cause problems. Wisdom teeth become locked (impacted) within the jaw if they are unable to emerge normally. This can sometimes lead to infection or a cyst, which can harm other dental roots or supporting bone.
- Partially emerge from the gums. Wisdom teeth that partially emerge from a channel that can attract bacteria that groundsmouth and infection gum disease since this area is difficult to see and clean.
- Crowded teeth at close proximity. If wisdom teeth do not get enough space to erupt properly they may damage or crowd nearby teeth.
If wisdom teeth do not fully develop, some dentists advocate extraction. Many dentists believe that wisdom teeth should be removed earlier than the bone and roots have fully grown, and while recuperation is easier. This is why, before the teeth cause issues, some young adults have their wisdom teeth extracted.
According to the American Dental Association, wisdom teeth surgery may be required if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Recurrent soft tissue infection
- Damage to neighboring teeth
- Fluid-filled sacs
- Broad tooth decay
- Gum disease
It’s not always easy to decide whether or not to get wisdom teeth removed. Consult a dentist or surgeon at Oral and Facial Surgery of Oklahoma about the health of the wisdom teeth and for oral surgery, as well as the best course of action for you.
**Disclaimer: This site content is not intended to be medical advice nor establishes a doctor-patient relationship.
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