The Causes and Symptoms of Periodontitis

Periodontal disease is also known as periodontitis. It can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. The disease begins when the surrounding and supporting gingival of the teeth are irritated and inflamed. This is due to an increase of plaques and leads to a continuous infection of bacteria. In the gingival tissue, the infection grows up. Then form deep pockets between the teeth and the gums that cause damage to the gum and the underlying jaw and tooth loss. In more severe cases, this infection can cause bacteria to migrate to other parts of the body through the bloodstream. If you have tooth loss due to periodontitis, you can certainly get dental implant; beforehand the condition must be treated.

The Causes

Periodontal disease prevention is crucial to your smile preservation. Preventive measures can reduce your risk in many cases significantly. Some common causes of gum disease are listed below.

Dental Hygiene

Plaque and tartar if not removed, brushing, flossing, and regular dental habits if neglected, bacterial toxins start affecting the gums and bones. Gingivitis or periodontitis can be caused that eventually leads to tooth loss.


Research has shown for the development gum diseases the use of smoking and tobacco are two of the most influential factors. The recovery and healing rate of smoking and tobacco users is slower. Furthermore, the accumulation of tartars on the teeth, the development of deep gingival tissue pockets and the horrific side effects of substantial bone loss are much more common.


Many drugs, including oral contraceptive, antidepressants and cardiac medicines, influence your teeth and gum’s overall condition and make you more susceptible to gum disease. Steroid use encourages overgrowth of gingival that increases the risk of swelling and allows bacteria to colonize in the gum tissues. Diabetes hampers the ability of the body to use insulin, making it more difficult to control and treat bacterial infections in the gums. Other medical conditions, including respiratory disease, arthritis, and osteoporosis, can intensify or accelerate the onset and progression of gum disease.

Teeth Grinding

The supporting tissue around the tooth can suffer significantly from clenching or grinding teeth. Grinding teeth are normally associated with “bad bite” or misalignment; however, additional damage to gingival tissue because of grinding can quickly track the progression of the condition when a person is suffering from gum disease.


  • Bad breathe
  • Red, swollen gums
  • Gum bleeding
  • Sensitive tooth
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth


  • Test your gums and notice inflammatory signs.
  • To inspect and measure pockets around your teeth, use a small ruler called. The depth of these pockets in a healthy mouth usually ranges from 1 to 3 mm. This pocket depth test usually does not have pain.
  • Ask your medical records about conditions or risk factors that contribute to gum disease (such as smoking or diabetes).

The Professionals may:

  • Take an x-ray to see if bone loss occurs.
  • Refer to a journalist. Periodontists are experts in diagnosing and treating gum disease and can offer treatments that your dentist doesn’t offer.

For dental implants you can contact Oral and Facial Surgery of Oklahoma. Dr. Wooten will help you to diagnose and treat periodontitis and other dental problems.

**Disclaimer: This site content is not intended to be medical advice nor establishes a doctor-patient relationship.

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